Volume 2, Issue 1 (Continuously Updated 2019)                   Func Disabil J 2019, 2(1): 111-118 | Back to browse issues page

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Soltani V, Nilipour R, Purmohammad M, Hasani-Abharian P. Comprehension problems of embodied metaphors in 5 to 7 year-old hearing impaired Persian speaking children. Func Disabil J. 2019; 2 (1) :111-118
URL: http://fdj.iums.ac.ir/article-1-86-en.html
1- Institute for Cognitive Science Studies Tehran, Iran
2- 2. University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- 1. Institute for Cognitive Science Studies Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (523 Views)

Background: In cognitive linguistics, the key factor in understanding of the abstract and metaphorical concepts is the individuals’ embodied experiences sensed by their body. Therefore, a better understanding of abstract concepts requires healthy senses and feelings. Hearing impairment leads to disorders in understanding abstract concepts. The present study is aimed to investigate the differences between 5 to 7 year-old Persian-speaking hearing-impaired children and their normal counterparts in terms of understanding embodied conceptual metaphors.

   Methods: The present study was conducted on twenty 5 to 7 year-old Persian-speaking children with moderate to severe hearing impairment. The study investigated the participants’ understanding of abstract concepts when using embodied metaphors in four sensory-motor organs (the eyes, ears, hands and legs) through conducting a researcher-made task including both audio and audio-visual sections. The results of the hearing-impaired children were compared with the performance of 200 normal children.

   Results: The findings of the present study indicated a significantly lower mean score of hearing-impaired children compared to their normal peers. The mean score of hearing-impaired participants was 9.6, while their normal counterparts scored 24.51. Moreover, it was indicated that the performance of 6 to 7 year-old hearing-impaired children was better than the 5 to 6 year-old children.

   Conclusion: Despite the quick reception through hearing aids, hearing-impaired children are unable to understand abstract and metaphorical concepts although they have an acceptable language competence unless receiving a direct professional training to understand the metaphors. The hearing-impaired children tend to interpret the metaphorical concepts literally and fail to understand the abstract metaphorical concepts. The findings of the present study clearly revealed the necessity of designing a cognitive rehabilitation protocol dedicated to the abstract concepts.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Speech Therapy
Received: 2019/07/1 | Accepted: 2019/08/5 | Published: 2019/02/21

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