Volume 1, Issue 2 (Spring 2018)                   Func Disabil J 2018, 1(2): 47-56 | Back to browse issues page

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Riazi F, Riazi A, Sori H. Evaluation of Vision Behaviors in Children with Cortical Visual Impairment Due to Cerebral Palsy (CP). Func Disabil J 2018; 1 (2) :47-56
URL: http://fdj.iums.ac.ir/article-1-58-en.html
1- MSc Candidate in Optometry, Department of Optometry, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- PhD, Senior Lecturer, Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, Baqiyatollah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , Abbas.Riazi@gmail.com
3- MSc. Lecturer, Department of Optometry, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1796 Views)
Background and Objective: Cortical Vision Impairment in children is one of the visual disturbances which are occurring due to brain disorders. There are not eye disorders as usual. It has been shown that the image processing in the brain has been affected. Among brain disorders, cerebral palsy (CP) is one of those disorders that leads to at least two third of cortical blindness among these patients. 
Observation of the vision behaviors is an appropriate way to evaluate the amount of vision as well as provide low vision rehabilitation. 
Method: vision behaviors were evaluated by interview with parents of children under 15 years old. Consent was achieved before interview and participants were informed well about the process. Attendance of one of parents was enough to run the interview preferably mother.  Semi-structured individual interview was used to discover vision behaviors of children in daily life. The interview was recorded then transcribed verbatim into text word for thematic analysis. 
Results: 22 parents of 18 children with CP participated in this study. (Mean age 37.4±2.51). Parents did not have enough information to deal with their children. They needed special education. Rehabilitation programs from occupational therapists were very effective. The most effective one was physical rehabilitation. There are very significant behaviors which were common among children. This behavior is not being observed among visually impaired children with ocular causes. 
Conclusion: Parents do not have much concern about vision of their children. They believe physical rehabilitation is much important than vision rehabilitation. Parents need more education to participate in rehabilitation programs for these children. 

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Optometry
Received: 2018/12/15 | Accepted: 2018/12/15 | Published: 2018/12/15

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