Volume 1, Issue 2 (Spring 2018)                   Func Disabil J 2018, 1(2): 1-8 | Back to browse issues page

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Kheirollahzadeh M, Alizadeh Zarei M, Amini M, Dehghan Tarzjani F. The Association Between Motor Proficiency and Performing Recreational and Leisure Activities in School for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Func Disabil J 2018; 1 (2) :1-8
URL: http://fdj.iums.ac.ir/article-1-53-en.html
1- Department of Occupational Therapy , School of Rehabilitation, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Neuroscience, School of New Technologies, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2891 Views)
Background and Objectives: Performing recreational and leisure activities are an important part of children’s school function, including children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The purpose of this study was to examine the association between motor proficiency, performing recreational, and leisure activities in school for the children with autism spectrum disorder.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 52 students with autism spectrum disorder aged 7-12 years old were selected by available sampling method and the students with co morbidity were excluded from the study. Data were collected using a school function assessment (SFA) and the Bruininks-Oseretsky test of motor proficiency- Second Edition (BOTMP-2).
Results: The results of Pearson correlation coefficient showed that there was a significant positive linear  relationship with moderate strength between performing recreational and leisure activities and components of motor proficiency, including gross motor skills (P = 0.001, r = 0.41), upper limb coordination (P=0.000, r=0.44), and fine motor skills (P = 0.00, r = 0.58). Also, the results of multiple linear regression model indicated that only the fine motor skills as one of the components of motor proficiency had the ability to predict performing recreational and leisure activities(β = 0.5, P = 0.002).
Conclusion: The results of this study revealed that there was a relationship between performing recreational, leisure activities, and motor proficiency and the highest correlation was observed with fine motor skills, upper limb coordination, and gross motor skills, respectively. Also, fine motor skills had a moderate predictive ability. Thus, in order to improve student’s function in their school, perceptual motor interventions would be an important part of their treatment program.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Occupational Therapy
Received: 2018/12/15 | Accepted: 2018/12/15 | Published: 2018/12/15

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