Volume 1, Issue 1 (Winter 2018)                   Func Disabil J 2018, 1(1): 40-48 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rassafiani M, Khalafbeige M, Mohammadi Shahboulaghi F, Haghgoo H, Taherkhani H. Families ‘experiences to Find a Job for Relatives who Have Severe Mental Illness in Iran: A Qualitative Study. Func Disabil J 2018; 1 (1) :40-48
URL: http://fdj.iums.ac.ir/article-1-29-en.html
1- Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy, Faculty of Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy , School of Rehabilitation, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3- Associate Professor, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- Associate Professor, Department of Occupational Therapy University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- Psychiatrist , Tolo Rehabilitation Center, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (2981 Views)

Abstract Farsi

Background and Objectives: Families of people with severe mental illness may provide different facilities according to the context they are living in. This study aimed to explore the experience of families in the process of finding a job for their mentally ill relatives in Iranian context whose social support appears to be less than that of developed countries.
Methods: 19 participants (10 people with severe mental illness, 7 family members, 2 psychiatrists and one supervisor who recruited a mentally ill worker) took part in this qualitative study, where data was analyzed through content analyses approach.
Results: Organizing the current situation” and “neglecting the key points” were the two main themes extracted from the study.
Conclusion: In Iran, family network has a strong control over the job finding process. Moreover, the limitation in social supports entails families selecting multiple strategies for helping their relatives

Full-Text [PDF 271 kb]   (1699 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Occupational Therapy
Received: 2017/03/28 | Accepted: 2017/06/5 | Published: 2017/10/29

1. Alverson, H., E. Carpenter and R. E. Drake (2006). An ethnographic study of job seeking among people with severe mental illness. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 30(1): 15. [DOI] [PubMed]
2. Blank, A., P. Harries and F. Reynolds (2011). Mental health service users' perspectives of work: A review of the literature. The British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 74(4): 191-199. [DOI]
3. Blitz, C. L. and D. Mechanic (2005). Facilitators and barriers to employment among individuals with psychiatric disabilities: a job coach perspective. Work (Reading, Mass.) 26(4): 407-419.
4. Boardman, J., B. Grove, R. Perkins and G. Shepherd (2003). Work and employment for people with psychiatric disabilities. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 182(6): 467-468. [DOI] [PubMed]
5. Boo, S.-L., J. Loong and W.-S. Ng (2011). Work experiences of people with mental illness in Malaysia: A preliminary qualitative study. The Qualitative Report, 16(1): 162-179.
6. Corbière, M., S. Zaniboni, T. Lecomte, G. Bond, P.-Y. Gilles, A. Lesage and E. Goldner (2011). Job acquisition for people with severe mental illness enrolled in supported employment programs: A theoretically grounded empirical study. Journal of occupational rehabilitation, 21(3): 342-354. [DOI] [PubMed]
7. Corbière, M., Renard, M., St-Arnaud, L., Coutu, M.-F., Negrini, A., Sauvé, G., & Lecomte, T. (2015). :::union::: perceptions of factors related to the return to work of employees with depression. Journal of occupational rehabilitation, 25(2), 335-347. [DOI] [PubMed]
8. Drapalski, A., J. Leith and L. Dixon (2009). Involving families in the care of persons with schizophrenia and other serious mental illnesses: History, evidence, and recommendations. Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses, 3(1): 39-49. [DOI]
9. Dunn, E. C., N. J. Wewiorski and E. S. Rogers (2010). A qualitative investigation of individual and contextual factors associated with vocational recovery among people with serious mental illness. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 80(2): 185. [DOI] [PubMed]
10. Gilbert, E., Marwaha, S., Milton, A., Johnson, S., Morant, N., Parsons, N., . . . Cunliffe, D. (2013). Social firms as a means of vocational recovery for people with mental illness: a UK survey. BMC health services research, 13(1), 270. [DOI] [PubMed]
11. Fossey, E. M. and C.A. Harvey (2010). Finding and sustaining employment: a qualitative meta-synthesis of mental health consumer views. The Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 77(5): 303. [DOI] [PubMed]
12. Graneheim, U. H. and B. Lundman (2004). Qualitative content analysis in nursing research: concepts, procedures and measures to achieve trustworthiness. Nurse education today 24(2): 105-112. [DOI] [PubMed]
13. Harvey, K., T. Burns, T. Fahy, C. Manley and T. Tattan (2001). Relatives of patients with severe psychotic illness: factors that influence appraisal of caregiving and psychological distress. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 36(9): 456-461. [DOI] [PubMed]
14. Harvey, S. B., M. Modini, H. Christensen and N. Glozier (2013). Severe mental illness and work: What can we do to maximise the employment opportunities for individuals with psychosis? Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 47(5): 421-424. [DOI] [PubMed]
15. Henry, A. D. and A. M. Lucca (2004). Facilitators and barriers to employment: the perspectives of people with psychiatric disabilities and employment service providers. Work 22(3): 169-182. [PubMed]
16. Huff, S. W., C. A. Rapp and S. R. Campbell (2008). Every day is not always Jell-O: A qualitative study of factors affecting job tenure. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 31(3): 211. [DOI] [PubMed]
17. Isik, E. (2013). Perceived Social Support and Locus of Control as the Predictors of Vocational Outcome Expectations. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice 13(3): 1426-1430.
18. Kennedy‐Jones, M., J. Cooper and E. Fossey (2005). Developing a worker role: Stories of four people with mental illness. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 52(2): 116-126. [DOI]
19. Khalafbeigi, M., F. Mohammadi Shahboulaghi, M. Rassafiani, H.-A. Haghgoo and H. Taherkhani (2015). The meaning of work in people with severe mental illness (SMI) in Iran. Medical Journal of The Islamic Republic of Iran (MJIRI) 29: 179.
20. Killeen, M. B. and B. L. O'day (2004). Challenging expectations: how individuals with psychiatric disabilities find and keep work. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 28(2): 157 [DOI] [PubMed]
21. Knapp, M., R. Mangalore and J. Simon (2004). The global costs of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia bulletin, 30(2): 279. [DOI] [PubMed]
22. Lemieux, P., M.-J. Durand and Q. N. Hong (2011). Supervisors’ perception of the factors influencing the return to work of workers with common mental disorders. Journal of occupational rehabilitation, 21(3): 293-303. [DOI] [PubMed]
23. Liberman, R. P. (2009). Recovery from disability: Manual of psychiatric rehabilitation, Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Pub.
24. Martens, L. and J. Addington (2001). The psychological well-being of family members of individuals with schizophrenia. Social psychiatry and psychiatric epidemiology, 36(3): 128-133. [DOI] [PubMed]
25. Marwaha, S., S. Johnson, P. Bebbington, M. C. Angermeyer, T. Brugha, J.-M. Azorin, R. Kilian, A. Kornfeld, M. Toumi and E. S. Group (2008). Correlates of subjective quality of life in people with schizophrenia: findings from the EuroSC study. The Journal of nervous and mental disease, 196(2): 87-94. [DOI] [PubMed]
26. Marwaha, S., S. Johnson, P. E. Bebbington, M. C. Angermeyer, T. S. Brugha, J.-M. Azorin, R. Killian, K. Hansen and M. Toumi (2009). Predictors of employment status change over 2 years in people with schizophrenia living in Europe. Epidemiologia e psichiatria sociale, 18(04): 344-351. [PubMed]
27. Milton, A., Parsons, N., Morant, N., Gilbert, E., Johnson, S., Fisher, A., Singh, S., Cunliffe, D. and S. Marwaha (2015). The clinical profile of employees with mental health problems working in social firms in the UK. Journal of Mental Health, 24(4): 242-248. [DOI] [PubMed]
28. Nabdel, Y., N. Pourafkary and H. Dadashzadeh (2002). A six year follow - up study of schizophrenic patients admitted in Tabriz mental hospital. Medical Journal of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences 54: 53-53.
29. Ohaeri, J. U. (2001). Caregiver burden and psychotic patients' perception of social support in a Nigerian setting. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 36(2): 86-93. [DOI] [PubMed]
30. Rosso, B. D., K. H. Dekas and A. Wrzesniewski (2010). On the meaning of work: A theoretical integration and review. Research in organizational behavior, 30: 91-127. [DOI]
31. Tse, S. and M. Yeats (2002). What helps people with bipolar affective disorder succeed in employment: A grounded theory approach. Work, 19(1): 47-62. [PubMed]
32. Van Wijngaarden, B., Schene, A. H., Koeter, M., Vázquez-Barquero, J. L., Knudsen, H. C., Lasalvia, A., & McCRONE, P. (2000). Caregiving in schizophrenia: development, internal consiconsistency and reliability of the Involvement evaluation questionnaire-European version. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 177(39), s21-s27. [DOI]
33. Villotti, P., Corbière, M., Fossey, E., Fraccaroli, F., Lecomte, T. and C.Harvey( 2017). Work accommodations and natural supports for employees with severe mental illness in social businesses: An international comparison. Community mental health journal, 53(7):864-870. [DOI] [PubMed]
34. Whiston, S. C. and B. K. Keller (2004). The influences of the family of origin on career development a review and analysis. The Counseling Psychologist, 32(4): 493-568. [DOI]
35. Woodside, H., L. Schell and J. Allison-Hedges (2006). Listening for recovery: The vocational success of people living with mental illness. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 73(1): 36-43. [DOI] [PubMed]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Function and Disability Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb