Volume 3, Issue 1 (Continuously Updated 2020)                   Func Disabil J 2020, 3(1): 11-16 | Back to browse issues page


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Zeinali S, Olyaei Z, Kor B, Binesh M. Investigation of Balance in Old People Residing in Nursing Homes Using Clinical Assessments. Func Disabil J. 2020; 3 (1) :11-16
URL: http://fdj.iums.ac.ir/article-1-113-en.html
1- Neuromuscular Rehabilitation Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.
2- Neuromuscular Rehabilitation Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran. , maryami.binesh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (644 Views)
Background and Objectives: Balance problems are the main cause of falls and fall-related complications in the elderly. The objective of this study was to investigate the balance in old people residing in nursing homes using clinical assessments. 
Methods: A total of 54 people participated in this cross-sectional study. Timed Up and Go (TUG) was used to assess balance regarding mobility impairments. The modified Clinical Test Of Sensory Interaction on Balance (CTSIB) was also used to assess balance regarding sensory problems. This test was used in 4 conditions: standing with eyes open on a firm surface, standing with eyes closed on a firm surface, standing with eyes open on a compliant foam, and standing with eyes closed on a compliant foam. Data analysis was done by SPSS V. 18 software. 
Results: The mean time for the completion of TUG was significantly higher than standard scores in all age groups (P<0.05). Postural sway during standing with eyes closed on the ground, eyes open and eyes closed on the foam was more than standing with eyes open on the ground (P<0.001). Postural sway in standing with eyes closed on the foam was more in comparison with standing with eyes closed on the ground and eyes open on the foam (P<0.001). 
Conclusion: Elderly people living in nursing homes had poorer motor skills to maintain balance. They also showed greater dependence on visual and sensory systems to maintain balance. 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Occupational Therapy
Received: 2020/04/21 | Accepted: 2020/05/23 | Published: 2020/10/28

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