Volume 2, Issue 1 (Continuously Updated 2019)                   Func Disabil J 2019, 2(1): 149-155 | Back to browse issues page

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Ahangarani R, Jafarzadehpur E, Mirzajani A, Mohamadi4 A. Evaluation of visual skills in primary school children with poor performance in reading and writing. Func Disabil J. 2019; 2 (1) :149-155
URL: http://fdj.iums.ac.ir/article-1-101-en.html
1- Department of Optometry, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Optometry, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , jafarzadehpour.e@iums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (415 Views)
Objective: To determine visual skills in primary school children with poor performance in reading and writing.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 28 poor-performances in reading and writing students from 600 schoolchildren, based on their teacher's score and 14 control children in second to sixth grade in one of the primary schools of Tehran. Visual acuity, refractive error, distance and near horizontal heterophoria, amplitude and facility of accommodation, amplitude and facility of vergence were measured in all subjects of both groups.
Results: Statistical comparison showed a higher hyperopia (p <0.001) and astigmatism (p <0.05) in the study group. Facility of accommodation and vergence showed lower values in the study (p < 0.001). The near exophoria was significantly greater in the study group (p<0.001).
Conclusion: This study indicates that children with poor performance in reading and writing had difficulty in visual skills. Management of visual problems in children with poor reading and writing performance should be considered.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Optometry
Received: 2019/12/11 | Accepted: 2020/01/8 | Published: 2019/02/21

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