Volume 3, Issue 1 (Continuously Updated 2020)                   Func Disabil J 2020, 3(1): 179-184 | Back to browse issues page

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Sedighi A S, Mirzajani A, Jafarzadehpur E, Abolghasemi J. Color Vision in the Gas Station Workers of Isfahan City: A Quantitative Analysis With the Farnsworth D15 Color Test. Func Disabil J 2020; 3 (1) :179-184
URL: http://fdj.iums.ac.ir/article-1-139-en.html
1- Department of Optometry, School of Rehabilitation, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Optometry, School of Rehabilitation, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , mirzajani.a@iums.ac.ir
3- Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (925 Views)
Background and Objectives: The color vision evaluation of gas station workers in Isfahan City.
Methods: This cross-sectional comparative study was performed on workers at gas stations in Isfahan; all the workers were men. The participants were divided into two 40-people groups of exposure and non-exposure (the members of the fuel sales department). The participants had better vision than 8/10 and no underlying problems or eye disease. Besides, examination, including color vision was performed for all subjects. Color vision was assessed using the D15 test under high to medium light conditions. Also, the color vision test was performed monocularly. Then, the obtained data were analyzed using SPSS V. 22.
Results: The two study groups significantly differed in terms of color vision impairment index (P <0.001). Also, more color vision defects were seen in the group exposed to gasoline. The color confusion index (as the indicator of color vision defects) were 1.485 and 1.129 in exposure and non-exposure to gasoline groups, respectively. Thus, color vision defects were significantly higher in the exposure to gasoline group, compared with the control group.
Conclusion: The results of this study showed a difference in color vision index between the two groups. Therefore, long-term exposure to organic solvents, such as gasoline in fuel stations may cause color vision loss.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Optometry
Received: 2020/10/1 | Accepted: 2020/10/1 | Published: 2020/12/29

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